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A Fast Look At The Toyota Manufacturing System - TPS

A Fast Look At The Toyota Manufacturing System - TPS

Toyota is at the moment the worlds leading car manufacturer, producing constant better performing and less expensive cars than any of the major American brands. How do they obtain this commentable feat? Is there some secret sauce to their method?

Properly, sure, there is some secret sauce. Nevertheless it isn't so secret - it's truly fairly properly documented. It's called the Toyota Production System, and I might like to elucidate slightly about it today.

TPS is a totally built-in socio-technical system comprising of it's management rules, company philosophy, and manufacturing practices. Initially often called "just in time" (or JIT), it draws upon the work of the founders of Toyota, his son, and an engineer - which in flip drew their inspiration from Henry Ford. The toyota production system (tps) staff came to America to observe the Ford production strategies, but had been decidedly unimpressed with the whole operation. From that have, and observations of an automated drink resupply system within the supermarket, they fashioned the ideas of TPS.

The objective of TPS is to reduce waste, inconsistency, and overburden. These are embodies in the Japanese phrases muda, mura, and muri. The process should deliver the required outcomes smoothly - with out inconsistencies; whereas being as flexible as obligatory without overburdening the workers, which would lead to waste.

What is waste as addressed by TPS? 7 varieties have been identified:

Motion (of man or machine)
Waiting (of man or machine)
Processing itself
Inventory (raw supplies)
Correction (rework and scrap)

The physical price of correcting defective merchandise or disposing of them is apparent, however the remainder may need explaining. Movement waste may discuss with additional actions required on the part of the meeting line employee who should physically carry items from one machine to a different - which could be reduced by connecting the machines. Ready waste refers to the time when one machine lies unused, because it is still "waiting" for an additional process within the manufacturing line to complete - you possibly can't put the lights on the automotive until the paint has dried, for instance. Wastage of uncooked materials can happen because the design of the machine is such that it requires 1m squared of metal to chop a single 50cm squared shape - with correct designing, these might mixed into 1 bigger sheet with much less waste cut.

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